Biogas plants for 9,000 families in India

myclimate - Wikipedia

This project reduces 45.650 t of CO₂ every year.

It also contributes to 11 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for 2030.

Funds from the project are used in the state of Karnataka (India) to install domestic biogas plants in over 9,000 rural households. The biogas plants are fed with kitchen waste water and cow manure. The gas that is generated is used for cooking in the kitchen. Waste slurry from manure is reused as a high-quality fertiliser, replacing chemicals.

8,000 biogas digesters have been constructed and handed over to families since the beginning of the project.

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Usually, in the project area, families cook by burning firewood or kerosene in the stoves. These stoves also have a very low thermal efficiency, typically 8% to 10%. The use of firewood has led to a deterioration of the forest cover in the project area. Household incomes are too low to be able to replace these traditional fuels with more sustainable sources. In addition to the benefit for the environment, domestic biogas plants have positive effects on the people who use them, such as relieving the workload of women and children and alleviating health problems caused by pollution inside homes.

The capacity of the biogas plant varies according to the number and type of livestock owned by the family and the number of people in the family, typically reaching a volume of two to three cubic meters.

The project will allow a reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Livestock manure is currently dumped along with other waste such as barn straw, some kitchen waste, crop residues and other organic and liquid substances in the pit. This organic waste is never dry and does not mix, so animal waste deteriorates anaerobically and emits methane.

The biogas plant, on the other hand, removes GHG emissions from livestock manure, avoiding dumping it in pits near the house. With this project, the biogas produced from cow manure not only becomes a renewable energy source, but also replaces GHG emissions from kerosene and firewood.

Me and my kids had to spend 4 hours each day to collect firewood. Now, it takes us just 20 minutes to produce biogas. There is no smoke in my house anymore and I get a great fertiliser for growing our vegetables.

Rani, Soumpura Village

The biogas technology is tried and tested in rural India. SKG Sangha, an Indian non-​governmental organisation, will implement the project. SKG Sangha has already successfully implemented over 100,000 biogas units in India over the last 18 years.

11 UN Sustainable Development Goals are being supported by this project:

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